Have you ever wondered how the burnt rice or spoilt beans you threw out just disappears or becomes like sand after a while? Or how a dead cockroach turns into a pile of soil after a while?
The process through which organic materials are broken down under good aerobic conditions is called composting. It is simply nature’s way of recycling organic wastes. Composting involves the work of microorganisms and is naturally occurring from our forests to our gardens or kitchens. The process is quite simple and can be done anywhere either indoors or outdoors.
Composting is known for its benefits to:
- Enriching the soil by helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests.
- Encouraging the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to create compost, a rich nutrient-filled material.
- Reduce the need for chemical fertilizers by Compost being a natural and safer substitute.
- Reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint.
Compost is like a natural conditioner to the soil, adding nutrients. As said earlier, the process is naturally occurring or can be induced. In a forest, if you come across a fallen tree or a dead log, chances are termites, ants, bugs, worms and millipedes are in and around the dying tree, eating at it and laying their eggs. With its ready-made access to abundant oxygen, you will be surprised that after 2 to 3 months later; at least 40% of the tree has been disintegrated and broken down.