Do you know that baby earthworms are not born but hatch from cocoons smaller than a grain of rice? Earthworms, sometimes known as “ecosystem engineers” belong to the phylum Annelida. They are tubed-shaped segmented worms, which are found living in the soil. They have a digestive system that runs through the length of their body adapted to feeding on live and dead organic matter.
Many of the species are classified as least concern (LC) under the IUCN status. Their populations are threatened by industrial agricultural practices. Too much of inorganic manure and habitat destruction with heavy machineries stress these nature – friendly organisms.
Earthworms influence and benefit the soil ecosystem in a number of ways. They aid in the recycling of organic material through decomposition and composting, increase nutrient availability, improve soil structure and provide food for predators such as birds and endemic snails.